Often asked: What Is Reciprocal Exhibition In Psychology?

What does reciprocal inhibition mean psychology?

Reciprocal inhibition can be defined as anxiety being inhibited by a feeling or response that is not compatible with the feeling of anxiety. Wolpe first started using eating as a response to inhibited anxiety in the laboratory cats. He would offer them food while presenting a conditioned fear stimulus.

What is the principle of reciprocal inhibition?

Explain the principle of reciprocal inhibition. This principle states that ” the presence of two mutually opposing forces at the same time, inhibit the weaker force.” In other words, one cannot be both relaxed and anxious at the same time.

What is reciprocal inhibition in behavior therapy?

Definitions of reciprocal-inhibition therapy. a method of behavior therapy based on the inhibition of one response by the occurrence of another response that is mutually incompatible with it; a relaxation response might be conditioned to a stimulus that previously evoked anxiety.

What is reciprocal inhibition by Wolpe?

According to Wolpe, reciprocal inhibition refers to the complete or partial suppression of anxiety responses as a consequence of the immediate evocation of other responses physiologically antagonistic to anxiety, i.e., the technique seeks to condition a new response that is considered incompatible with the response to

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What causes reciprocal inhibition?

The theory of reciprocal inhibition states that “When the central nervous system sends a message to the agonist (muscle causing movement) to contract, the tension in the antagonist (muscle opposing movement) is inhibited by impulses from motor neurons, and thus must simultaneously relax”, taken from Massage Therapy

Who gave the concept of reciprocal inhibition?

Introduction. The term Reciprocal Inhibition was first coined by the British physiologist Sir Charles Sherrington (1906). From Sherrington’s work, psychologists then began proposing theories about reciprocal inhibition’s role in psychology (Heriot and Pritchard 2004).

When would you use reciprocal inhibition with a client?

Reciprocal Inhibition: A technique to help relieve muscle cramps and gain flexibility

  1. Poor blood circulation in your legs.
  2. Working calf muscles too hard while exercising.
  3. Not stretching enough.
  4. Being active in hot temperatures.
  5. Muscle fatigue.
  6. Dehydration.
  7. Magnesium and/or potassium deficiency.

What is meant by reciprocal innervation?

Medical Definition of reciprocal innervation: innervation so that the contraction of a muscle or set of muscles (as of a joint) is accompanied by the simultaneous inhibition of an antagonistic muscle or set of muscles.

Why is reciprocal innervation important?

Reciprocal innervation plays a crucial role in the fine motor control exhibited in body movements and this is especially true for the precise ocular rotations demanded of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.

What is covert desensitization?

a form of desensitization therapy in which an individual is helped to overcome a fear or anxiety by learning to relax while imagining an anxiety-producing stimulus. A hierarchy is devised with a sequence of items that range from the least to the most anxiety-producing aspects of the stimulus.

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What does desensitization mean in psychology?

In psychology, desensitization is a treatment or process that diminishes emotional responsiveness to a negative, aversive or positive stimulus after repeated exposure to it.

What is covert sensitization in psychology?

Covert sensitization is a form of behavior therapy in which an undesirable behavior is paired with an unpleasant image in order to eliminate that behavior.

What is counterconditioning in psychology?

n. an experimental procedure in which a nonhuman animal, already conditioned to respond to a stimulus in a particular way, is trained to produce a different response to the same stimulus that is incompatible with the original response.

What is Aaron Beck’s theory?

Beck believed that when someone was allowing their thoughts to be negative, it led to depression. He believed that thoughts, feelings, and behavior were all linked together. When the person acts poorly, they have negative outcomes to situations which causes them to have more negative thoughts.

What was Joseph Wolpe’s theory?

He formulated a comprehensive theory of the conditioning of human fears. Wolpe successfully adapted the method of overcoming the intense fears of his experimental cats to the treatment of human fears and anxiety. Wolpe’s successful research provided the basis for his theory of psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition.

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