What kind of art was in the Degenerate Art exhibition?
In 1937, 740 modern works were exhibited in the defamatory show Degenerate Art in Munich in order to “educate” the public on the “art of decay.” The exhibition purported to demonstrate that modernist tendencies, such as abstraction, are the result of genetic inferiority and society’s moral decline.
What type of art is degenerate?
All modern art was considered ‘degenerate’ by the National Socialist (Nazi) party. Expressionism was particularly singled out. In 1937, German museums were purged of modern art by the government, a total of some 15,550 works being removed.
Why is art called degenerate?
The Nazi regime led extensive efforts to control and shape German society and culture. It deemed a variety of modern art and artists to be sick and immoral. The regime called this art “degenerate.” In 1937, the Nazis confiscated thousands of modern artworks from German museums.
Which artists did not have art included for ridicule in the degenerate art exhibit?
Many might have been seeing modern art for the very first time. Only a small number of the artists in the degenerate art shows were Jewish. Felix Nussbaum, a surrealist who was murdered at Auschwitz, was not included; Emil Nolde, a Nazi party member whose autobiography is laced with anti-Semitism, was.
How was the Degenerate Art exhibition received?
An open invitation to German artists resulted in 15,000 works being submitted to the exhibition jury, which included allies of Goebbels. When the works they selected for the exhibition were shown to Hitler for his approval, he became enraged. On 30 June, Hitler signed an order authorising the Degenerate Art Exhibition.
What is considered abstract art?
Abstract art is art that does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of a visual reality but instead use shapes, colours, forms and gestural marks to achieve its effect.